雅思口语Part 3最难的十道题

雅思,雅思口语 2017-03-16阅读(66)

雅思口语Part 3本身就是三个部分中最难的一个,考官一般会就考生第二部分的回答进行深入提问。既然叫深入提问,那当然就会是一些相对而言比较深奥的考题。这些考题对于考生的知识面和思维能力都有一定的要求,更让考生头痛的是,本来用中文进行深入的探讨已属不易,更何况还要用英文来表述这些有深度的思想!所以考生通常谈第三部分而色变,有人甚至对第三部分都不去做任何的复习,只一味听天由命。但是第三部分的考题是一个考生真正能够拿高分的关键,对于那些希望进入排名较好的大学的考生而言,第三部分的考题才是让自己脱颖而出的关键。

雅思第三部分的考题,从出题类型上来看有十个类型:原因论述、情况对比、时间对比、事物利弊、预测未来、场景演练、解决问题、影响效果、方式方法、观点询问。这十类考题的难度都不可小觑,每一个类型都代表着一种回答思路,也对应着一些相应的句型。所以,在这里,我们将和大家一起来探讨一下雅思第三部分的考题,并以十道最难考题为例,来给大家做一下分析。

1. 原因论述类考题:

在回答这种类型的考题时,我们要首先搞清问题的重点,且一定要紧扣此重点,不能游离出去。而且我们可以将考题的中心名词进行分类,从细分出的小类别出发去探寻原因,这样,思路就能更加开阔,更能做到有话可说。比如下面这道题:

What is the reason why family members do not eat together anymore?

在这一题中,中心考点名词是family members,那么我们就可以对其做一个breakdown,家庭成员分孩子、成年人和老人,他们都会有身不由己,无法和家人共同进餐的不同原因,至此,考题就可以从不同层次得到解答。那么在论述的过程中就一定会非常高频地出现一些因果的表达法,如because, due to, owing to, the reason why...is that..., contribute to, lead to, give rise to, be attributed to,result from等。

{原创范例} One primary reason why families do not eat together anymore is that their work schedules are different from each other. Young people would prefer to spend more time with their friends so they come home very late at night. This is because when they were small, their parents spent most of their time working that they have no time to be with their kids to guide them. Differences in opinions and characters plus financial difficulties often are the causes of fights among husbands and wives.

2. 情况对比类考题:

应对这种考题,建议考生首先要找出进行对比的是哪两项,随即对两者的劣势和优势进行讨论。这类题目说穿了就是对于正反两面的讨论。因此,经常用到的词就有advantages, benefits, merits, upsides, pluspoints, disadvantages, drawbacks, downsides,minuspoints等。下面这道考题就是一个很好的例子。

Should women stay at home or go out to look for jobs?

{原创范例} Women deserve as much rights to work as men. Given growing financial burden on an ordinary family and tough competition among job seekers, an extra source of income in the family would definitely mean a lot.However, contrary to what we may expect, many women now are actually pursuing the kind of life as a full-time housewife which only has been re-interpreted bymodern women to mean relaxing, hassle-free and enjoyable life without lots of work in hand.

3. 时间对比类考题:

有些考题要求考生就一个问题的过去和现在分别进行论述并进行比较,这类题目就是时间对比类考题。对于这类考题,考生首先要注意在谈论过去的状况时要使用一般过去时,千万不能出现时态混乱的状况。此外,考生还需要将重点放在变化上。且通常过去和现在的状况反差较为强烈,所以需要使用转折连接词,如however, nevertheless, while, whereas等。比如下面这道考题曾经就难倒过一大批考生:

Explain different attitudes towards marriage between people in the past and now.

{原创范例} Well, this is also the kind of problem I am going to deal with probably for a couple of years to come. In the past, people, women in particular, generally revolved their life around giving birth and raising children. However people now are no longer seeing marriage and family as their only thing in life. With the availability of a wide range of entertainment parlors, young people prefer to enjoy their carefree life as a single person before they have to take a lot of responsibilities as a married one.

4. 事物利弊类考题:

事物的利弊是在雅思口语第三部分所呈现的标题类型里面考核最为频繁的话题。它的答题思路和写作Task 2非常类似,但是我们对于这种标题较熟悉并不意味着容易解答。因为口语考题的思考时间较短,我们必须要在很短的时间内搜索出足够的ideas才可以过关,而我们通常可以从社会、经济、文化、环境、教育、政治、心理、健康等方面去搜寻ideas,这种搜寻方式是要在平时多加练习的。比如下面这道考题就分别从健康和经济方面的利益进行了探讨。

What are the advantages of people living in tourist attractions?

{原创典范}Well, the advantages for people who live in tourist attractions are pretty evident. For a starter, compared with cities where the pollution is getting unstoppably worse, life at tourist attractions is definitely good for their health. Besides, the people there can make loads ofmoney on tourism industry and a number of related industries like serving food in restaurants, selling souvenirs to tourists, among many others.

5. 预测未来类考题:

对于这类问题,建议考生首先应该注意时态的问题,一般会以将来时或虚拟语态为主。而且不能天马行空般地堆砌内容,而是要有事实根据的进行预测。虽然标题是要求考生展开对未来的展望,但是考生们应当依据现实的情形进行引申,对预测的内容要进行足够的论述。比如下面这道考题就是一个很好的例子。

What should the government do to curb global warming?

{原创典范} Our planet is plagued with tons of environment alproblems. Among them, global warming proves to be the most pressing environmental issue and frankly speaking, is, as we all can see, threatening every bit of our life. Hence, in my personal opinion, the government should assume primary responsibility to curb global warming and the most viable measure would be to cut it off at the source, which means the government has to come up with ways to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide discharged into the atmosphere. For instance, exhaust gas emitted is held largely accountable for the acceleration of global warming.

6. 场景演练类考题:

场景演练这类标题在雅思口语测验第三部分中考核的频率相对较低,但此类标题所带来的变更会非常多。所谓场景演练就是考官现场给学生设置一个虚拟的场景,然后要求考生将自己置身其中来处置一些问题。这类考题的出题相当机动,因此提前做好准备的难度较大,需要依附临场施展。那么,考生就需要临机应变,应用各种各样的答题技能,其中ideas的搜寻仍然是最主要的一个技能,这个我们在第四点中已有阐述。而下面这道题就是从文化和健康方面进行作答的。

Let’s say you are in charge of selection process of the volunteers for the Beijing 2008 OlympicGames, what are you really looking in all the candidates?

{原创典范} Well, if I were to be in charge of the selection process of prospective volunteers for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, I’d probably be looking for a number of qualities in potential candidates. First,it’d be necessary if one could speak multiple languages. It’s understood that volunteers are expected to work with foreigners that may come from all over the world and it would be a big problem if there was a communication breakdown.Second, physical condition is another factor to be taken into consideration.The job requires volunteers to run around in the stadium for, perhaps, 8 hoursin a row. Therefore, if one doesn’t have the strength and stamina needed, he or she should be crossed off the list.

7. 解决问题类考题:

问题解决类的考题一般较难,这类考题通常请求考生对一个社会问题提出一些可行的解决计划,这对没有什么社会经验的学生来说是一个很大的挑战。针对这类考题,建议考生首先考虑的不是怎样去解决,而是对这个问题做一个细分,如下面这道考题问的是怎样推广健康的生活方法。这个办法所针对的社会问题就应当是不健康生活方法的泛滥,所以,我们首先要做的是把不健康的生活方式做一个细分。在对问题进行列举之后再一一找出针对性的解答计划。下面这道题就抽烟和酗酒问题分别给出了两条解决计划。

What can the government do to encourage a healthy lifestyle enjoyed by all?

{原创典范} There are a number of bad habits associated with modern people and that’s primarily the reason why health issues are gaining increasing attention among young adults among which, excessive smoking and drinking proved particularly dire. A plausible measure would be to impose a banon the sales of cigarettes and boozes to under-aged teenagers. Another possibility would be to explicitly prohibit teenagers aged below 21 from setting foot in nightclubs and any cigarette or booze store caught in violation of the law would be seriously punished.

8. 影响后果类考题:

这类考题其实不像表面上看起来那样简单。通常学生听到这样的考题后第一反映就是只需要将影响论述明白就可以了,但是这种单纯列举影响后果的做法会对ideas的搜寻有很高的要求。也就是说,通常我们一时无法找到那么多可供列举的影响来一一进行阐述。所以,针对这类考题,推举给考生们一个比较好的处理方法就是将过去的状态也一并向考官阐述。这样既能更好的衬托出该影响所带来的后果又能很有水准的拖延时间。比如下面这道考题首先对高科技产品出现之前的状态进行了论述,然后再转而叙述高科技产品出现后所带来的巨大转变。

How have hi-techproducts influenced music?

{原创典范} Unlike in the past when people are given the optionsof either listening to music played on radio stations or forking out aconsiderable sum of money to purchase tapes, the increasing popularity gainedby high-tech products, among teenagers and young adults in particular, has dramatically transformed how the music is received and stored by the public.Quite a number of varieties of high-tech products have been designed to eitherplay or store music, among which portable gadgets like ipod, mp3, mp4 and pspprove especially popular. It’s quite commonplace to see youngster riding thebus or walking in the streets with one earpiece stuck in their ear.

9. 方法方式类考题:

谈论方法方式的考题,通常需要我们理论联系实际。也就是说不能够只简略列举方式,而是要给每个方式配上一些实例,对于学生来讲,能够联合自己的阅历去进行阐述就是上选。比如下面这道考题的解答中就给出了很活泼的实例,从而使整段陈述活泼可信。

In what ways can teachers encourage students to focus on study?

{原创典范} Well,there is a number of ways teachers can adopt to encourage students to concentrate 100% of their efforts on academic study. A possible approach would be to resort to multi-media facilities such as overhead projector, computer terminal. My English teacher often play video clips to intrigue us because he knows full well that we can be easily bored with written words.

10. 观点讯问类考题:

那些讯问观点的考题也在我们的雅思测验中占了不小的比例。而解答这类考题通常需要各种技能的综合。而且我们要能够把领会到的方式灵活应用,才能够获得比较好的结果。最后,我们来看一看这道题的解答,其中给出了很多活泼的实例,并且就健康和金钱的主要性分别作了阐述,最后对照得出结论。

Which one do you think is more important, health or wealth?

{原创典范} Well, for me personally, the answer is absolutely the former. People, particularly young adults are trading health for wealth inways are largely commonplace: they choose to eat out or order fast food instead of cooking at home; applying for gym member ship would just be money down the drain because one would barely have the time for workout. However, it’s important to bear in mind that money wouldn’t mean a thing if one's health is in grave jeopardy. Hence, it’s essential to prioritize health over wealth in one's life and only in this way; efforts to make money can be justified.

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